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Pisa the city of the leaning tower in tuscany Italy

Pisa: News history and Photo of the Leaning Tower of Pisa The famous Leaning tower of Pisa, castles, churches, monasteries, all scattered on the top of hills along the rivers and in the ancient streets.

Pisa plays a main role from an artistic point of view: here the renawal in architecture, in sculpture and painting anticipate the florentine movement of the renaissance: the famous Leaning tower of Pisa, castles, churches, monasteries, all scattered on the top of hills along the rivers and in the ancient streets. The natural and environmental heritage is particularly attractive: in the area you can visit the Natural Park of Migliarino- San Rosssore, Massaciuccoli, the Pisano Mountain, the Hills, the Coastline at Marina di Vecchiano, Marina di Pisa and Tirrenia The thermal baths are an attractive proposal too: Casciana Terme, Larderello, San Giuliano and Uliveto Terme. In its streets, squares, churches and palaces, Volterra maintains elements characteristic of different historical periods: from the Etruscans to the Romans from the Middle Age to the 18th century.

Rising 4 m. above sea level on the banks of the Arno river, on a fertile alluvial plain, this town is approximately 10 km. from the Tyrrhenian Sea.

A centre of ancient origin, Pisa was already an important port in Roman times, definitively asserting itself as a seagoing power in the 12th century when it became a Republic after participating in the First Crusade. It extended its influence over the whole Tuscan coast and Sardinia, succeeding in defeating its rival Amalfi and the Saracens. This period was the start of the town's phase of greatest economic prosperity and artistic splendour.

Mountains of Pisa
It is a small mountain chain toward the north-east of Pisa, situated between the valleys of the Arno and of the Serchio and the river bed of the ex-lake of Bientina. Some researchers think it is one of the most ancient mountain chain. The territory is characterized by: vineyards, in the lower part of it, olive-groves, chestnut woods, oak-woods, beech-woods, alternated by pine-woods.

In the 13th century, the antagonism of Genoa, Lucca and Florence soon had a negative effect on the power of Pisa, which to after defeat by the Genoese at Meloria, was radically reduced.

After a period of domination by the Signorie, the town's decline culminated with its defeat by Florence in 1406.

Monuments: First and foremost is, without doubt, the Campo dei Miracoli (Piazza Duomo), one of the most famous sights in Italy and the world. Here lies the Duomo (11th-12th century), one of the major examples of Romanesque-Pisan art, with five aisles and housing important works of art such as the pulpit by G. Pisano (early 14th century) and the tomb of Arrigo VII (14th century); close by stands the world-famous Leaning Tower (bell tower, started in 1173), an elegant round construction; the Romanesque Baptistry, to a circular plan and the Camposanto (13th century), unfortunately damaged during the last war, housing extremely fine frescoes (14th and 15th century).

An active centre of culture favoured also by excellent road and rail links, Pisa has an active industrial sector: engineering, textiles, pharmaceuticals, glassandpottery, foodstuffs and building. There is also lively cultural activity linked to the University and Scuola Normale. At all times, Pisa is thronged with tourists.

Events: Regata Storica di S. Ranieri (17th June), Opera and art exhibitions at the Giardino Scatto, Regata delle Repubbliche Marinare (every four years), Galileo Galilei Award (autumn).

Famous People: Galileo Galilei (scientist, 1564-1642), Antonio Pacinotti (physicist, 1841-1912), Ippolito Rosellini (Egyptologist, 1800-1843), Giovanni Pisano (sculptor, 1250-1314), Antonio Pisanello (artist, 1395-1455).

Cultural Institutions: S. Matteo National Museum (Tuscan sculptures and paintings of 12th to 15th centuries), Mineralogical Museum, Paleontological Museum, Museo delle Sinopie, Zoological Museum, Domus Mazziniana, Domus Galilaeana, University, Scuola Normale Superiore. In the Province: S. Miniato (environmental interest), Cascina (industry), Pontedera (engineering), Volterra (city of art, Palazzo dei Priori, Etruscan Museum, Accademia dei Sepolti).

The town of Pisa is of Etruscan origin. In 179 B.C. it became a Roman colony and in 89 B.C. a Roman municipium. Pisa was an important naval base for the Romans. In the Middle Ages it was an important citta marinara, i.e. a port, just like Venice, Genoa and Amalfi. Each of these towns had both a merchant fleet and a navy, which controlled all the seas around Italy .

Pisa reached its greatest peak of splendour in the XI and XII centuries when it expanded its power over the islands of Corsica, Sicily and Sardinia. In addition, it controlled all the Tuscan coast from Portovenere to Civitavecchia. During the first Crusade (1096-1099) its military and commercial power expanded also eastwards and during the XII century some colonies were founded along the same routes followed by the Crusaders. At this time also some small industries developed in Pisa, especially those involved in the processing of wool and leather.

In 1162 Pisa became a free commune with its own statutes, and it was in this period that a new architectural style was born. From the XI to the XIV century the arts, and especially architecture, flourished. Some wonderful buildings were erected, such as the Cathedral, with the contribution of great artists. One of these was Nicola Pisano, the greatest Italian Gothic sculptor, who started a school that influenced all the Italian sculpture of that period.

In 1284 Pisa was defeated by Genoa in the Battle of Meloria and so a period of decline began, which terminated with the subjection of the town to Florence. Under the Florentine rule of Lorenzo il Magnifico, the town knew a new period of splendour and the urban landscape underwent important transformations. Wonderful buildings in the Renaissance style were erected and in 1472 the University was founded. In this university Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) taught Physics, thus starting an importan scientific tradition that still continues in Pisa today. At the end of the XIX century the town extended outside the boundary of the old town-walls. Pisa suffered from great damages during World War II.

The quarter south of the river Arno was completely destroyed. So most of the urban shape of the town, as we see it today, is due to recent development.

www.pisaonline.it All you are looking for about your travel to Pisa, the marvellous city of the Leaning Tower.

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Around Pisa Pisan hills hotels

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Pomarance San Dalmazio Volterra etruscan coast Montopoli in Val d'Arno.

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Pisa Pomarance San Dalmazio Volterra etruscan coast Montopoli in Val d'Arno.

Places to visit in Pisa area

See the wine roads of the The Pisan hills

See the museums in Pisa area

Volterra town

Park Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli

Uliveto thermal spas

Casciana thermal spas

Larderello thermal spas

Vicopisano town
San giovanni alla vena


The wine roads of the The Pisan hills

Museums in Pisa

Towns in the Pisan Area
Casale Marittimo
Casciana Terme
Castelfranco di Sotto
Castellina Marittima
Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
Montecatini Val di Cecina
Monteverdi Marittimo Montopoli in Val d'Arno
Orciano Pisano
San Giuliano Terme
San Miniato
Santa Croce sull'Arno
Santa Luce
Santa Maria a Monte

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